Cup of Excellence
The farm is located in the location of Agricola y Ganadera Baltazar R. Leyva Mancilla. The Current ecological factors are temperature from 16° C - 28° C, average rainfall of 1850 ml., annual, effective insolation of 10 hours per day, clay loam with sufficient organic matter, 5.5 to 6.5 ph range. Type of crop combined between the Rustican, with mountain shade (endemic trees of the Ingas species region, such as the cajinicuil; as well as there are zicua, grinder, oak, capulín trees among others; at the same time the type of cultivation is considered within the so-called Traditional Polyculture, with fruit trees (sweet lemon, grapefruit, banana, sapote and cocoa) introduced to complement the family diet; In addition, it is the habitat of a great variety of wild animals such as jaguar, badger, deer, pheasant, toucan, chachalacas, pigeons and rattlesnake among others; in addition to the entire surface of the farm it serves as a habitat for domestic poultry owned by the farmer. In this farm the Manual of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Process (BPP), Specialty Coffee production activities begin with the identification and monitoring of seed donor mother plants; followed by the establishment of seedlings and nurseries in where the plant develops until it presents two pairs of cross, and then takes it to the sowing to the final place (renewal of coffee plantations) with planting line with contour and contour curves; the sowing of the Bourbon variety is 2,500 coffee trees per hectare; young plants with high productive potential remain throughout the surface. To maintain the phytosanitary status of the plant, manual and ethological control is carried out for the case of the coffee bean borer. To control soil erosion, dead barriers are established with wood remains as a result of shading regulation; For greater and better water uptake and to maintain humidity for a longer time, individual terraces are built in each coffee tree. In all the activities described, family labor is used where there is no hiring of day laborers.
Zihuatanejo De Azueta, Guerrero
Cup of Excellence